CSE bats for putting clear limits on carbon emissions by countries

parisCentre for Science and Environment, one of India’s biggest environmental research and lobbying organization, has said that the current proposal to set a target of limiting temperature increase to 1.5 degrees could be a ‘hollow shell’ if no limits are placed on individual country emissions.

Countries from across the world are negotiating in the Paris climate conference, where a proposal to restrict temperature increase to 1.5 degree Celsius (compared to pre-industrial times) from 2 degrees is gaining ground.

“There is growing momentum for tightening the global goal from 2 degree Celsius to 1.5 degree Celsius – a target that may better help the world avoid the worst effects of climate change. Developed countries have openly given their support to this goal; India and China have also shown their willingness to consider this temperature goal,” the organization, which has five representatives in the CoP-21 conference, said.

However, it pointed out that such high-sounding ambitions will remain just that if quotas are not imposed.

CSE pointed out that for a 50% probability of limiting temperature increase to 1.5 degree Celsius, the total carbon dioxide emissions have to be limited to to 550 giga-tonnes (giga=billion).

To raise the certainty of meeting this temperature goal to 66 per cent, then the budget shrinks to a mere 400 Gt CO2, it pointed out. (These are not annual figures, but cumulative.)

“The US and the EU would consume 128 Gt CO2 between 2011 and 2030. If we take available carbon space to be 550 Gt CO2 (for a 50 per cent probability of staying below 1.5 degree Celsius) then the EU and the US alone will consume 23 per cent of the budget,” CSE noted.

“India most likely will be emitting only 58 Gt CO2 until 2030 – 10.5 per cent of the available budget of 550 Gt CO2. Even at higher growth rates of GDP (using the figure quoted by the Indian government in its INDC), this may go up to 87 Gt CO2 — 16% of the budget of 550 Gt CO2. India’s emissions would, therefore, be less than half of the Annex 1 countries, though India has approximately the same population as all Annex 1 countries combined together,” it pointed out.

“Annex-I (developed) countries as a whole would emit 187 Gt CO2 between 2011-2030 – 34 per cent of the total budget. The developed countries under the current dispensation would continue to misappropriate the remaining carbon space even in the future,” it noted.

Currently there are no limits on how much countries can emit. We need limits so that countries individually and the world collectively remain within the available carbon space, it added.

Moreover, if India and China are to follow a low-carbon path to progress, it would require assistance from the rich countries who account for most of the current excess carbon in the atmosphere.

“meeting this temperature goal would require massive enhancement of financial and technological support from the developed countries to the developing countries so that they are able to move quickly onto low-carbon development pathways. In addition, developed countries will have to significantly increase the level of their own efforts and reach net zero emissions in the next 5-10 years. In the absence of such commitments, a 1.5 OC temperature target would remain a hollow shell – devoid of any real significance,” CSE said.

The CoP-21 Paris conference, held under the aegis of the United Nations, is scheduled to end on Dec 11, and country representatives are trying to cobble together a deal before that.

India’s prime minister Narendra Modi, despite being from the conservative side of the political spectrum, has shown extraordinary willingness to explore ways to reduce carbon emissions. He and US President Barack Obama had a phone conversation today on the subject of finding middle ground in Paris.



112 Indian soldiers injured or killed by ceasefire violations this year There has been a substantial increase in the number of ceasefire violations along the line of control between India and Pakistan as well as in the deaths and injuries caused by them, according to home ministry data.So far this year, a total of 99 Indian army and BSF personnel have been injured by ceasefire violations along the line of control between...
Rijiju backtracks on ‘2 cr Bangladeshi immigrants living in India’ claim? Two weeks after claiming that around 2 cr illegal Bangladeshi immigrants are living in India, minister of state for home affairs Kiren Rijiju seems to be backpedaling on the claim."There is no confirmed data with regard to number of Bangladeshi citizens illegally residing in the country.." he told the Lok Sabha today, two weeks after telling the Rajy...
Trump shoots back at China over protests on his Taiwan phone call US President Elect Donald Trump shot back at China over the Asian nation's protests over his phone call with the Taiwanese head of state, asking if China was always so particular about keeping US interests in mind when conducting its international policy."Did China ask us if it was OK to devalue their currency (making it hard for our companies to compete...
Apprehensions on Trump to prove wrong: ASSOCHAM Industry body ASSOCHAM today expressed confidence that apprehensions linked to President Elect Donald Trump of United States "would certainly prove wrong" in the coming days.The industry association said Trump's sober, very fair sounding and statesman like demeanor promising a fair deal with the rest of the world should indicate an opportunity to take In...
India-Pakistan invisible trade worth $5 bln a year – study Informal trade or smuggling of goods between India and Pakistan is estimated at over USD five billion, almost double the official two-way commerce between the two neighbours with history of chequered ties, said an ASSOCHAM study.There are more exports from India than imports through the smuggling route. The official Indo-Pak trade is only USD 2.67 billi...
Worried about your diet? Try CSE’s new online interactive tool Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has launched an online interactive tool to help people know about their food and dietary habits.“What we eat affects our health. But most of us do not know what we eat and how it affects our health. ´KNOW YOUR DIET´ is a first of its kind initiative to help people of India know about their food and dietary habits....
India could designate Pakistan a ‘Terror State’ – reports India could move to designate its neighbor Pakistan a 'Terror State', according to media reports.The high-level committee that met today at the Prime Minister's office has arrived at this as the best option given the current situation.Other options considered included military action against the nuclear power.Designating Pakistan as a Terror ...
Burning waste could be leading to more lighting deaths — CSE A new study by Down To Earth magazine has unearthed clear links between air pollution and the incidence of deaths by lightning.According to an article in the magazine, published by the Center for Science and Environment or CSE, areas with high particulate pollution tend to experience more number of extreme weather events.Lightning deaths in the past...
Tata Motors joins RE100 renewable energy group Tata Motors Limited, India’s largest automobile manufacturer, has become the second Indian company to join RE100 – a global initiative of the world’s most influential companies committed to 100% renewable power.The company, which manufactures a range of commercial and passenger vehicles as well as defence and homeland security vehicles, has set itself th...
India to buy Chinook, Apache helicopters from the US for defence forces India has signed an agreement with the US Government and aircraft maker Boeing to purchase Apache attack helicopters and Chinook heavy lift helicopters, the government said.India is not a traditional buyer of US-made defence equipment, preferring to engage with Russia and the Europeans instead.However, with the new government under Narendra Modi...
Obama calls Modi on climate change targets US President Barack Obama called Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to talk about the ongoing climate change talks, the Indian government said."The conversation focused on the ongoing Conference of Parties (CoP21) in Paris. Both leaders underscored their strong commitment to address issues related to Climate Change being discussed in the Paris conferenc...
Two-thirds of Indians could see temperature rise by over 2 degrees due to climate change The impact of climate change on India would be more drastic than on many countries, according to a new paper released today by IIM Ahmedabad, IIT Gandhinagar and the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW).The country would need over $1 trillion from now until 2030 to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change, the study added.Climate cha...
CSE attacks Kejriwal’s decision to scrap Sheila’s BRT system in Delhi The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) expressed "deep shock" at Delhi government's decision to dismantle the bus corridor to take road space back from buses for the cars, calling it a capitulation in front of the 'car lobby'.The decision by Aam Aadmi Arvind Kejriwal led government has been taken as a priority step even before the government withou...
Indian trade forum Assocham to open an office in Iran The Associated Chamber of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), India's third biggest industry forum, today announced it will consider opening office in Teheran, immediately after global trade with Iran becomes normal following lifting of international sanctions. Yesterday, Western powers and Iran announced an agreement to move towards normalizati...
Modi Govt lends $268.35 mln to Tanzania for pipeline project India has extended additional Line of Credit (LOC) to the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, of USD 268.35 million for financing the extension of Lake Victoria pipeline to Tabora, Igunga and Nzega in Tanzania.The loan has been routed through Export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bank).The line of credit agreement was signed in New Delhi ...